Texas quick facts
    Texas Facts
    State of Texas
    Nickname The Lone Star State
    Capital Austin
    Largest city Houston
    Population 28M (Rank:2)
    Governor Greg Abbott (R)

    Texas facts

    Texas facts

    How did Texas get its name?

    The name 'Texas' came from the Caddo Indian word 'tayshas' meaning “friends” or “allies”. The Spanish pronounced it as 'tejas' and the English settlers pronounced it as Texas.

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    Everything's big in Texas
    Texas has the largest state capitol building in the United States. In 1888, when it was completed, the capitol building was billed as "The Seventh Largest Building in the World." The builders, John V. Farwell and Charles B. Farwell, were paid with three million acres of land.

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    World's largest gathering of mammals
    Bracken Cave in Comal County, Texas, is the summer home to the largest colony of bats in the world. An estimated 20 million Mexican free-tailed bats dwell there from March to October every year.

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    Birthplace of Dr Pepper

    Dr Pepper was invented in Waco, Texas. Texas pharmacist Charles Alderton formulated the unique flavor in 1885.

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    Six different flags have flown over Texas during its history. Though Native American lived for thousands of years before the arrival of European explorers, they did not use any flags to claim the territory.
    Six Flags over Texas

    Six flags over Texas
    Spain 1519 – 1821
    Mexico 1821 – 1836
    France 1685 – 1690
    Rep. of Texas 1836 – 1845
    Confederacy 1861 – 1865
    USA 1845 – 1861
    1865 – present

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    Fastest state in the USA
    Texas has highest highway speed limit in USA. A stretch of toll road between Austin and San Antonio permits drivers to go 85 miles per hour!

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    The Eagle has landed

    The first word spoken on the moon was 'Houston'. In 1969, Apollo 11 commander Neil Armstrong, after landing on the moon, announced, "Houston, Tranquillity Base here. The Eagle has landed"

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    5-for-1 proposition
    Texas was an independent republic before it joined the Union as the biggest state by area (221 times bigger than the smallest state, Rhode Island) The document that admitted Texas into the Union allows for its possible future division into five states. The 5-for-1 proposition is embodied in the March 1, 1845, Congressional Joint Resolution for Annexing Texas to the United States. The resolution allows for new states “of convenient size,” not to exceed four, to be carved out of Texas.

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    Agricultural, oil-rich state

    With more than 130 million acres of farm land, Texas has more farmland than in any other state in the USA. With more then 247,500 farms, Texas is home to most farms in the USA.

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    Rose Garden

    The Tyler Municipal Rose Garden is the United States' largest rose garden. It contains 38,000 rose bushes representing 500 varieties of roses.

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    Genesis of IT Revolution
    Integrated circuit (IC) was invented by Jack Kilby while working at Texas Instruments (TI) in Dallas, Texas. That invention acted as a catalyst in bringing computers and information technology into the realm of the common man and gave birth to the 'new economy'. Kilby won the Nobel Prize in Physics for his contribution.

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    Everything's big in Texas

    Dallas/Fort Worth Airport (DFW) has more public parking spaces than any other airport in the United States. DFW Airport has 39,988 public parking spaces.

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    Texas Flag
    Land of extremes

    On March 27, 1984, in Amarillo, Texas, the temperature was a near-freezing 35 degrees with snow on the ground, while Brownsville, Texas hit a high of 106 degrees Fahrenheit

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    Paris, Texas

    Paris, Texas, has its own 65-foot-tall Eiffel Tower. Built in 1995, it was originally billed as the “Second Largest Eiffel Tower in the Second Largest Paris.”

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    War is Hell!
    Lee Harvey Oswald was arrested at the 'Texas Theatre' after he had snuck into a screening of War is Hell to evade officers on the hunt for Tippit’s killer. He wasn’t initially arrested for the assassination of President John F. Kennedy, but for the killing of a local police officer named J.D. Tippit.

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    Birthplace of Texas
    Washington-on-the-Brazos is known as "the birthplace of Texas" because it was here that, on March 1, 1836, Texas delegates met to formally announce Texas' intention to separate from Mexico and to draft the constitution of the new Republic of Texas, organizing an interim government to serve until an officially elected government could be put in place
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    Helium Capital of the World

    Amarillo, Texas is called "Helium Capital of the World" since it has America's National Helium Reserve which stores about 90% of the world's recoverable helium

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    Texas fuels the nation

    Texas produces more crude oil than any other state in USA. The state is the largest producer of natural gas and produces more than a quarter of US natural gas production. It's also the largest cattle and cotton producer

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    Everything's big in Texas

    The 825,000 acre King Ranch of Texas is bigger than the total land area of the entire state of Rhode Island.

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    first domed stadium

    The first domed stadium in the United States was built in Houston in 1965.

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    World famous Texas Rangers

    Texas Rangers is the oldest state-wide law enforcement agency in the United States.

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    Big State
    Texas is the second most populous and the second-largest of the 50 states in the United States of America, and the largest state in the 48 contiguous United States. Texas is 221 times bigger than the smallest state in the United States, Rhode Island

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    Only Governor of two states
    Born in Viginia, Sam Houston was elected as 7th Governor of Tennessee. He later became the first elected president of the Republic of Texas. After the annexation of Texas by the United States in 1845, Houston was elected to the U.S. Senate. Later, Houston was elected as 7th Governor of Texas. So, Houston became the only person to have become the governor of two different U.S. states through direct, popular election, as well as the only state governor to have been a foreign head of state.

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    Most airports
    Texas has the highest number of airports among all the states in the U.S. Dallas Fort Worth International Airport is the second largest by area in the United States, and fourth in the world with 18,076 acres and 7 runways. It is also one of the top 10 busiest airports in the world in terms of passenger traffic.

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    Waterloo became Austin
    Washington-on-the-Brazos, Harrisburg, Galveston, Velasco, Columbia and Houston served as capitals of the Republic of Texas. In 1839, the Capital Commission selected the "site of the town of Waterloo, on the north bank of the Colorado" as the permanent capital and the place was renamed Austin in honor of Stephen F. Austin.

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    San Jacinto Monument

    The 567.31-foot San Jacinto Monument is world's tallest masonry column. Battle of San Jacinto is the decisive battle of the Texas Revolution. The monument honors all those who fought for independence of Texas from Mexico. The star at the top of the monument weighs 220-tons

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    ... and the Oscar goes to
    Oscar, the Academy Award statuette, was unofficially named after a Texan, Oscar Pierce, whose niece worked for the Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Sciences. Her off-the-cuff comment that the gold statuette 'looks just like her Uncle Oscar' went viral and the name got stuck.

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    Oath in Dallas

    President Lyndon Baines Johnson was sworn in to office as President on Air Force One while it was on the ground at Dallas Love Field Airport

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    Father of Texas
    Texas capital, Austin, is named after the father of Texas, Stephen Fuller Austin. He led the first successful colonization of the Texas by bringing 300 families (“The Old Three Hundred”) from the United States to the region in 1825.

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    Texans in the White House
    Two Texas-born Americans became presidents. Dwight D. Eisenhower was born in Denison, Texas, in 1890. Lyndon B. Johnson was born near present-day Johnson City, Texas. Two more presidents, George H. W. Bush and George W. Bush, though born in New England, claimed Texas as their home state.

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    Deadliest disaster
    Galveston, Texas, an island city located about 50 miles southeast of Houston, was hit by a Category 4 hurricane on September 8, 1900 killing an estimated 8,000 people. It is the deadliest natural disaster in recorded U.S. history

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    Rio Grande
    Rio Grande, the 1,896 miles (3,051 km) long river on the border between Texas and Mexico, is the longest of all the rivers that flow through Texas. The Colorado River is the longest river in Texas totally contained within the State’s borders.

    Texas quick facts

    Nickname The Lone Star State List
    Capital Austin List
    Motto Friendship List
    Largest city Houston (2.3 million) List
    Largest metro Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington (7 million) List
    Abbreviation TX List
    Population 28 million (rank: 2) List
    Population density 105 per mile2 (rank: 26) List
    Life expectancy 78.5 (rank: 30) List
    Median age 34.4 years (rank: 3) List
    Area 268,581 mile2 (rank: 2) List
    Median household income $56,473 (rank: 25) List
    Statehood December 29, 1845 (28th state) List
    Mean elevation 1,700 ft. (520 m) List
    Highest point Guadalupe Peak 8,751 ft (2667 m) List
    Coastline 367 miles List
    International border 1,241 miles (rank: 2) List
    Governor Greg Abbott (R) List
    Time in Austin, Dallas, Houston, San Antonio
    Time in El Paso